By Elizabeth Fee, Daniel M. Fox
The AIDS epidemic has posed extra pressing historic questions than the other disorder of recent occasions. How have societies replied to epidemics some time past? Why did the disorder emerge while and the place it did? How has it unfold between participants of specific teams? and the way will the prior impact the future—in specific, what does the heritage of clinical technology and public overall healthiness let us know approximately our skill to manage the epidemic and finally to treatment the disease?
Historical equipment of inquiry swap, and those who use those tools usually disagree on concept and perform. certainly, the members to this quantity carry numerous reviews on debatable historiographic matters. yet they proportion 3 very important ideas: wary adherence to the "social constructionist" view of prior and current; profound skepticism approximately historicism's concept of growth; and wariness approximately "presentism," the distortion of the prior by way of seeing it basically from the perspective of the present.
Each of the twelve essays addresses a side of the burdens of background through the AIDS epidemic. by way of "burdens" is intended the inescapable importance of occasions long ago for the current. All of those occasions are comparable not directly to the present epidemic and will aid make clear the complicated social and cultural responses to the hindrance of AIDS.
This assortment illuminates current issues at once and forcefully with no sacrificing recognition to ancient aspect and to the variations among previous and current occasions. It reminds us that the various matters now being debated—quarantine, exclusion, public wishes and personal rights—have their parallels long ago. this may be an enormous publication for social historians and common readers in addition to for historians of medication.
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Extra resources for AIDS: The Burdens of History
Also see S. Benison, "The Enigma of Poliomyelitis: 1910," in Freedom and Reform : Essays in Honor of Henry Steele Commager , ed. H. M. Hyman and L. W. Levy (New York: Harper & Row, 1967), 228-254. 72. See N. Nathanson and J. R. Martin, "The Epidemiology of Poliomyelitis: Enigmas Surrounding Its Appearance, Epidemicity, and Disappearance," American Journal of Epidemiology 110 (1979): 672-892; and John R. Paul, Epidemiology of Poliomyelitis (Geneva: WHO, 1955), 9-30. 73. For an overview see Arthur Bushel, Chronology of New York City Department of Health ( and Its Predecessor Agencies ), 1655-1966 (New York: New York City Department of Health, 1966).
A pamphlet on polio prepared by Dr. Wade H. S. Public Health Service in late July 1916 listed unrecognized healthy carriers as the chief source of infection, Public Health Reports 31 (14 July 1916): 1817-1833. See also S. Flexner, "The nature, manner of conveyance and means of prevention of infantile paralysis," JAMA 67 (22 July 1916): 279-283. This paper was first presented at a symposium sponsored by the New York Academy of Medicine on 13 July 1916. During the discussion Dr. William H. Park remarked that "the sick person and the carrier are the chief sources of infection.
25. See Savio, "Richerche," 119. For an overview, also consult D. F. Zanetti, "Peste et mortalité differentielle," Annales de Demographie Historique (1972): 197-202. 26. Pallavicino, Descrizione , 31. 27. , 4. 26. Pallavicino, Descrizione , 31. 27. , 4. 28. This idea is advanced by L. A. McNicol and R. N. Doetsch in "A Hypothesis Accounting for the Origin of Pandemic Cholera: A Retrograde Analysis," Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 26 (1983): 547-552. The traditional view represented by R. Pollitzer and J.
AIDS: The Burdens of History by Elizabeth Fee, Daniel M. Fox