By Ellen McNiven Hine (auth.)
The Traite des systemes is a milestone within the highbrow background of the eighteenth century. it is a research of its content material, constitution, resources and significance. It encompasses a dialogue of Condillac's research of excellent and undesirable platforms, the adequacy of his wisdom and less than status of the speculative metaphysics of the previous century, the effectiveness of his approach to assault on seventeenth-century metaphysical platforms, his notion of empirical and clinical strategy, and particularly his figuring out of the function of hypotheses, his software of the Newtonian medical way to politics, physics, and the humanities, and, ultimately, his preoccupation with the that means of phrases and with the starting place and objective oflanguage. Speculative metaphysical structures, similar to these of Descartes, Malebranche, Boursier, Leibniz and Spinoza, are attacked through Con dillac, as are well known superstitions and prejudices, with the weapon of linguistic feedback. it's the systematic use of this weapon which makes the Traite des systemes greater than a mirrored image of his contem poraries' antipathy in the direction of speculative metaphysics. In reminiscence of my mom and dad ACKNOWLEDGMENTS I desire to recognize my indebtedness to numerous humans. I should still like firstly to thank Dr. W. H. Barber, who has for a few years tirelessly given me encouragement and priceless advice. I desire to thank additionally Professors RH. Rasmussen, A. D. Wilshere and C. Wake for his or her support and their help within the early days of the practise of this learn. lowe specified thank you additionally to Mrs. M. V.
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The Traite des systemes is a milestone within the highbrow historical past of the eighteenth century. this can be a examine of its content material, constitution, assets and significance. It features a dialogue of Condillac's research of excellent and undesirable structures, the adequacy of his wisdom and below status of the speculative metaphysics of the previous century, the effectiveness of his approach to assault on seventeenth-century metaphysical structures, his perception of empirical and clinical process, and specifically his figuring out of the position of hypotheses, his software of the Newtonian medical way to politics, physics, and the humanities, and, ultimately, his preoccupation with the that means of phrases and with the starting place and objective oflanguage.
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W. Warburton, Essai sur les hieroglyphes des Egyptiells, trans. Leonard des Malpeines (Pans, 1744), I, 40. , p. 44. , p. 47. 64 Ibid, P 201. , pp. 210-17, 225-39. 66 TSY, p. 137. , p. 136 and Dicrioll/lalre des sy/lOllymes, III, 63 68 See S. P1l1es, "The Semantic Dist1l1ction between the Terms Astro/wlllY and Astrology according to AI-B1runi," Isis, LV (September 1964), 349. 60 61 THE MEANING OF SYSTEM causes of phenomena did not reveal themselves spontaneously, it imagined causes on the basis of ill-defined words and false analogies.
This was the origin of magic spells and talismans. There was another reason for the perpetuating of these prejudices. When the alphabet replaced hieroglyphics, the real significance of the latter was forgotten and it was easy for the priests to make the people believe that they were mysterious sacred symbols. The gods were assumed to be the authors of this "science hieroglyphique. " From magic and "la science mysterieuse" of hieroglyphics sprang other superstitions, such as the art of chiromancy, the interpretation of dreams, omens and oracles.
Je fus aussi flatte de m'etre rencontre en quelque chose avec ce grand homme, que je fus surpris que les Cartesiens n' en eussent rien emprunte. " Both English and French scientists saluted his importance and paid tribute to his grasp of scientific method. 94 Since Bacon believed that all our knowledge is derived from the senses, Condillac thought of him as the only person before Locke to see the light. 95 No-one knew better than "Ie chancelier Bacon" the cause of partisans of Newton and adversaries of Descartes.
A Critical Study of Condillac’s Traité des Systèmes by Ellen McNiven Hine (auth.)